Friday June 10 at 5PM
Saturday June 11 at 9:30AM
Greeting of the His Grace NICHOLAS Bishop of Manhattan
followed by the Hierarchical Liturgy
St. Luke the Surgeon, Bishop of Simferopol & Crimea (1877-1961)
Scientist, Opthamologist, Surgeon, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, Priest, Bishop, Prisoner, Confessor of the Faith was born on April 27, 1877 with the name Valentin Felixovich Voino-Yasenetsky in the eastern area of Crimea. He did not receive a religious upbringing and described his first true understanding of his Christian Faith after reading the New Testament which was a graduation gift from his high school principal. Valentin intended to study at an art institute but decided he should devote his life to benefit suffering people. He decided to enroll in medical school of Kiev University in order to devote his life to alleviating suffering among the peasants in the remote villages. He wrote in his memoirs: “I studied medicine with the sole purpose of becoming a villager, a peasant doctor, and helping poor people”. Upon his graduation he received additional training in opthamology and general surgery and from 1905-1917 he practiced medicine and surgery in various district hospitals. He married a Anna Lanskaya a nurse who had the nickname among her patients as “the holy nurse”. Together they were blessed with four children. Dr. Valentin became known not only as a skilled medical doctor but as a compassionate human being. He wrote in a letter to his son: “I suffer deeply if a patient dies after an operation. I had three deaths in the operating room and this literally crushed me..I prayed for the dead at home, because there is no church open here…
A TURNING POINT
With the eruption of the Russian Revolution in 1917 Dr. Valentin was under constant threat from the Communists since he had become a devout Orthodox Christian and refused to conduct surgery without an icon of the Theotokos hanging in the operating room, beginning each surgical procedure with the Sign of the Cross. He was arrested for the first time in October of 1919 on false charges and was nearly executed by firing squad. Several days later, his beloved wife died from tuberculosis at the age of 38 leaving him a widower with four children.
The Bishop of the Tashkent diocese, Innocent, became acquainted with the well-known doctor and admired his deep Orthodox faith. After hearing Dr. Valentin speak at a Diocesan meeting he said: “Doctor, you must become a priest!
In the midst of the fierce persecution of the Church by the Communists, when many clergy were renouncing their faith and their priesthood in order to be spared persecution, Dr. Valentin was ordained on February 15, 1921. The new priest continued his practice of medicine and surgery, giving his lectures and receiving patients while wearing his cassock and priestly cross.
Fr. Valentin was tonsured a monk with the name of the Evangelist St. Luke the Physician, and was consecrated as a bishop in secret, with the church doors locked on May 31, 1923. One month after his consecration, Bishop Luke was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment and exile to Siberia, the beginning of his sharing in the sufferings of Christ. This was only the first of three times that the bishop was arrested and sent into exile, which he endured for a total of 11 years. He endured extreme cold, hunger, betrayal by fellow priests, solitary confinement, beatings, humiliation and a special kind of torture known as “the conveyor” in which Communist agents took turns with beatings and interrogations which continued nonstop for days. The bishop never relented in his devotion to Christ. He later wrote: They tell me to take off the cassock, but I will never do it. The cassock will remain with me until death…I don’t know what they want from me. I believe in God. I help people as a doctor; I help also as a pastor of the Church. Whom do I harm?
While many Orthodox Christians tend to “compartmentalize” their faith, that is, reserve it for Sundays and when involved in “church things”, Bishop Luke’s Orthodox faith was a part of his daily life and secular career, even under the threat of arrest and torture. With the beginning of World War II and the invasion of Russia by the Nazi Germans, the Communist government began to ease their persecution against the Church in order to rally the people to the defense of the country. Bishop Luke was freed from exile in 1942 and resumed his episcopal ministry as well as his medical practice. He published two scientific works: Essays on the Surgery of Pyogenic Infections and Late
Troparion Tone 1
O herald of the way of salvation, confessor and archpastor of the Crimean flock, faithful keeper of the traditions of the Fathers, unshakeable pillar and teacher of Orthodoxy: Pray thou unceasingly to Christ our Savior, that He grant salvation and strong faith to Orthodox Christians, O holy hierarch Luke, physician divinely wise.
Kontakion Tone 1
Like a bright star shinning with the virtues, O holy hierarch, thou hast made thy soul angelic; and, honored with the rank of bishop, in exile thou didst suffer much at the hands of the ungodly. Yet unshaken in the faith, thou didst cure many with healing wisdom. The Lord hath therefore glorified thy precious body, which hath been taken up from the bosom of the earth, that we the faithful may cry out to thee: Rejoice, O holy Luke our father, boast and strength of the Crimean land.
His Grace NICHOLAS Bishop of Manhattan
Vicar of the Eastern American Diocese
Right Reverend Bishop Nicholas
75 East 93rd Street
New York, NY 10128-1390
BIOGRAPHY OF BISHOP NICHOLAS
Bishop Nicholas (Olhovsky) was born on December 17, 1974, in Trenton, NJ. He graduated from St. Alexander Nevsky Russian Parish School in Lakewood, NJ in May 1991, and in 1993, graduated from Hamilton West High School. In 1998, he graduated from Holy Trinity Seminary in Jordanville, NY, where he received a Bachelor of Theology Degree. During his studies in seminary, he executed his obediences in the book-binding shop, icon studio, and typographical workshop (working in the latter until 2002). On the feast day of the Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos in 1994, he was ordained a reader by Bishop Hilarion of Manhattan, vicar of the Eastern American Diocese (today First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad), in Trenton’s Dormition Church. In 2000, he graduated from the State University of New York Technology School, receiving a Bachelor’s Degree in Information & Communications. From March 1999 to March 2008, he served as cell attendant to Archbishop Laurus (Skurla; from October 2001 to March 2008, Metropolitan).
In May 2004, he accompanied the First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad on his first official visit to Russia. In May 2006, he served as a delegate to the 4th All-Diasporan Church Council; on June 12 of that year, he was ordained to the diaconate by Metropolitan Laurus and assigned to Holy Trinity Monastery in Jordanville. In May 2007, he participated in the celebration of the signing of the Act of Canonical Communion in Moscow, accompanying Metropolitan Laurus on the subsequent pilgrimage to the Kursk Diocese and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate. In September 2008, he was assigned to the staff of the Synod of Bishops. In 2009 and 2010, he served as a member of the delegation accompanying the Kursk Root Icon of the Mother of God to Russia and Ukraine. In December 2010, after the sudden and unexpected death of his Matushka Elisabeth, he was appointed guardian of the Kursk Root Icon of the Mother of God. In January 2011, he was appointed a clergyman of the Synodal Cathedral of the Sign in New York City. In 2011, he accompanied the Kursk Root Icon of the Mother of God to the Kursk Diocese and the Metropolia of Kazakhstan; in November 2011, to Australia. On August 1, 2012, he was ordained to the priesthood in St. Seraphim Memorial Church in Sea Cliff, NY. In 2012, he accompanied the Protectress of the Russian Diaspora to the Samara, Kursk, and Perm Dioceses, to Seattle and the Hawaiian Islands. In 2013, he accompanied the Kursk Root Icon to the Canadian Diocese, to Japan and the Primorsk Metropolia of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Fr. Nicholas Olhovsky’s monastic tonsure was performed on April 4, 2014 in Holy Trinity Monastery in Jordanville, NY. In tonsure, Fr. Nicholas was given the name “Nicholas” ‒ in honor of the Holy Hierarch Nicholas of Japan. At Divine Liturgy on April 27, the second Sunday of Holy Pascha, in the presence of the Kursk Root Icon of the Mother of God and in accordance with the resolution of the Synod of Bishops, Archbishop Mark of Berlin & Germany elevated Hieromonk Nicholas to the rank of archimandrite in Holy New Martyrs & Confessors of Russia Cathedral in Munich.
The Rite of Nomination and episcopal Consecration were performed in Joy of All Who Sorrow Cathedral in San Francisco, CA, on Sunday, June 28-29, 2014, during the celebrations in honor of the 20th anniversary of the glorification by the Russian Church Abroad of the Holy Hierarch John of Shanghai & San Francisco. The Consecration was led by the First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad, His Eminence Hilarion, Metropolitan of Eastern America & New York.